Appendix 12: Notes on Bleached Bones
Stations that returned to the air from going dark and remained on the air beyond 1982 have the notation "§" following the year of return, although there may have been subsequent call letter changes.
 The permittees for KFMX-TV, KMPT, KMYR, KTRB-TV, WAMT, WAZL-TV, WBID-TV, WCBF-TV, WCIN-TV, WEHS, WERE-TV, WFOX-TV, WHCU-TV, WHLS-TV, WJDW, WLAN-TV, WMCN, WNLC-TV, WOCN, WPHD, WQCY, WRAK-TV, WTLC, WTLE, WTMV, WTOH-TV, WTVX and WXEL appealed proposed cancellations of their CPs by the FCC in 1960 but lost; all were cancelled by September 1961.
 KCSM-TV and KDTV jointly petitioned the FCC to reassign channel 14 as a commercial allocation to San Francisco and channel 60 as a non-commercial allocation to San Mateo, after which they traded licenses and transmitting facilities; KDTV also donated its facilities to KCSM-TV.
 The KIHP-TV CP in Santa Barbara was surrendered in 1968, and the call letters reused on a co-owned CP for channel 18 in San Bernardino.
 The CPs for KNBT-TV, KSPG, KVAN-TV, KXYZ-TV, WACA-TV, WARL-TV, WCKG, WEAL-TV, WEOL-TV, WHEF-TV, WIND-TV, WITH-TV, WKNE-TV, WKOK-TV, WLTV, WMAC-TV, WNYT-TV, WOPT, WPTR-TV, WSTF and WTVG were surrendered by the permittees in 1960 after the FCC inquired as to their status as part of the ongoing effort to delete UHF CPs that had remained unbuilt.
 On the air in 1974 as KMUV-TV on channel 31. §
 The continued review by the FCC of unbuilt UHF CPs in 1965 resulted in the cancellation of permits for KCEB, WACH, WBPZ, WBTM-TV, WCOC-TV, WIBF-TV, WICC-TV, WKNA-TV, WLEV-TV, WNET, WPFA-TV, WFPG-TV, WRTV, WTVU, WVNA-TV and a CP for channel 62 in Owensboro KY which had not yet requested call letters.
 KHTV, WALN-TV, WBLN and WFMZ-TV did not respond to a 1964 inquiry by the FCC as to their status and had their CPs cancelled as a result.
 WANE-TV originally held a construction permit for channel 69, but instead purchased WIRL Waterloo IN in late 1956, then moved the WANE-TV call letters there and surrendered the CP for channel 69 in early 1957.
 Returned in 1967. §
 Returned 1965-1968.
 Returned 1957; then again in 1959 as WLYH-TV Lancaster PA. §
 WVEC-TV and WTOV-TV merged in 1959 and moved to channel 13.
 The FCC cancelled the CPs in 1957 for KCOA, KEDD, WAAB-TV, WJLN-TV and WOTV during the first review of unbuilt UHF CPs. As of June 1954, only 122 of 308 UHF CPs were on the air, and 72 permits had already been surrendered and deleted, prompting the FCC action.
 Returned in 1972, relicensed as *WOET-TV. §
 After the collapse of its tower forced it off the air on channel 16, WENS briefly shared-time with *WQED on channel 13 in 1955. *WQED subsequently purchased WENS' facilities to put *WQEX on the air in 1958, and WENS was allocated channel 22 as a result; it finally surrendered its CP, unbuilt, in 1970.
 WARM-TV and WILK-TV then merged into WNEP-TV on channel 16.
 KPVC-TV, KHER-TV, WCCT, WDNB-TV, WFNT and WTML had their CPs cancelled in 1968 as part of the final review by the FCC of unbuilt UHFs. Following this review, the FCC tightened its guidelines for approving extensions on unbuilt television permits.
 KRTV's studios were subsequently acquired by KATV Pine Bluff AR on channel 7.
 The WBUF facilities were then donated by NBC for *WNED-TV.
 WPCA-TV's CP was originally WKDN-TV Camden NJ; it returned 1966 as WPHL-TV. §
 Returned 1969-1971, and again 1974-1977.
 WIRL-TV received a construction permit in 1954 for channel 8. However, in the FCC's de-intermixture plan, Peoria IL was proposed to be an all-UHF market and the FCC modified the CP to channel 25 in 1956. WIRL-TV appealed all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which remanded it back to the Court of Appeals, which further remanded it to the FCC in 1959. After further hearings, WIRL-TV was deemed in 1963 to have waived its rights to channel 25; it subsequently merged with WTVH on channel 19 and WEEK-TV moved from channel 43 to channel 25.
 Returned in 1958 as WCTC. §
 On the air June 5, 1973 as WJNB on channel 58; this was the last of the original UHF grants to begin operations, after more than 20 years (CP originally issued December 4, 1952).
 WFRB surrendered its CP in 1954 to allow WMGT to move from channel 74.
 Reapplication in 1962 by the same party that held the CP for KMPT before it was cancelled in 1960 ; a change in the table of channel allocations moved KLPR-TV to channel 14 before it began operation. §
 CBS purchased the license for WOKY-TV and the facilities of WCAN-TV to put WXIX on the air in 1955. However, WXIX experienced second harmonic interference to reception on channel 19, so the FCC moved it to channel 18 in 1958. This also required the construction permits for WCAN-TV and WFOX-TV to be moved one channel lower (they were originally on channels 25 and 31, respectively).
 In 1966, as part of his plan to build a fourth television network, D.H. Overmyer purchased the construction permits for KBAY-TV (renamed KEMO-TV) San Francisco CA, WATL-TV (WBMO-TV) Atlanta GA, WNOP-TV (WSCO-TV) Newport KY/Cincinnati OH and WAND-TV (WECO-TV), Pittsburgh PA, and applied for new station KJDO-TV, Rosenburg/Houston TX. He also applied for new CPs in Stamford CT and Dallas TX but had to withdraw those applications before the FCC would approve his purchasing the Pittsburgh CP. These were to be added to his existing WDHO-TV Toledo OH (the flagship station) to form the network's complement of O&Os but, owing to the same funding shortfalls which forced him to sell part-ownership of the network, none made it on the air until after the network's single month of operation; Overmyer sold all five CPs to U.S. Communications, which completed the construction of all but KJDO-TV, the CP for which was returned to the FCC unbuilt.
 Returned in 1972. §
 WJMR-TV moved to channel 20 when WTLO relinquished its CP in 1954; it also simulcast 1957-1959 on channel 12 under experimental license KK2XEW, then operated under a STA as WVUE on channel 13 in a merged operation with a competing applicant for the VHF allocation. WVUE moved to channel 12 when WLOX-TV Biloxi MS went on air in 1962 on channel 13; WJMR-TV finally surrendered its channel 20 CP in 1974.
 WXON purchased the CP for WJMY in order to move from channel 62 to channel 20.
 Returned 1966-1969 as KSJV-TV, and again in 1972 as KFTV; the FCC cancelled the license for KSJV-TV but allowed new owners to use its CP to put channel 21 back on the air; KFTV therefore operates under a separate license from the original KDAS. §
 Returned in 1959, changed calls to KVFD-TV in 1966; in 1974, jointly petitioned FCC in 1974 (with *KTIN, which held the CP for channel *46) to substitute channel *21 for channel *46 and channel 50 for channel 21 in Fort Dodge, then moved to channel 50 in 1976; KTIN then went on the air in 1977.
 WKLO-TV changed calls to WEZI and did not surrender its CP until 1972.
 Returned in 1975. §
 In 1961, the FCC granted a request by WHP-TV to move to channel 21 from channel 55, as part of a proposal to concentrate the stations in the Harrisburg PA market into a smaller range of channels. This was made possible by the cancellation of WLAN-TV's permit on channel 21 earlier that year , allowing that channel to be reallocated from Lancaster to Harrisburg. The construction permits were changed for WDTV (to channel 33 from channel 71) and WRAK-TV (to channel 26 from channel 36); this required a change for WTLF Baltimore MD's CP as well (to channel 24 from channel 18)
 Purchased KNAC-TV on channel 5 and moved there, surrendering its license for channel 22.
 KBIC-TV is famous for having broadcast a test pattern -- and nothing else -- almost continuously for seven years (1955-1962), until it surrendered its CP.
 Returned in 1964 as WKEF. §
 WGBS-TV purchased the CP for WMIE-TV on channel 27 and the facilities of WFTL-TV to begin operation, surrendering its unbuilt CP on channel 39 (WFTL-TV subsequently reapplied on that channel). WGBS-TV returned in 1967 as WAJA-TV. §
 WAKR-TV's move to channel 23 was made possible by the eventual reallocation of that channel to Akron after the surrender of WMAC-TV's permit.
 Surrendered its CP in 1956 in order to acquire WDEL-TV Wilmington DE on channel 12.
 On the air in 1955 on channel 11.
 Returned 1967-1972 as WMET-TV.
 On the air in 1956 on channel 4, Roseburg OR.
 WROV-TV was the first UHF to go dark, and WBES-TV was the second (both operated for only three months before relinquishing their licenses). KCTY was the third; WOSH-TV was the fourth. After that, Broadcasting stopped including the order in which UHFs had failed in its reporting. KTHE was the first non-commercial educational station to go dark.
 Purchased WSLI-TV on channel 12 and moved there, surrendering its license for channel 25.
 In one of the odder UHF stories, the CP for KAVU was cancelled in 1974, but KAVU did begin operation in 1982 under an entirely separate CP and ownership.
 KPTV was the first UHF on the air (September 19, 1952); it subsequently bought KLOR-TV on channel 12 and moved there, surrendering the license for channel 27.
 WCMB-TV traded channels with WTPA and then went dark on channel 71. It subsequently returned as WDTV on channel 33 in 1961.
 Relinquished its CP in 1953 and filed for a VHF allocation; went on the air in 1956 on channel 4.
 On the air in 1968 on channel 40.
 Returned as *WKPD-TV in 1978. §
 This CP was cancelled in 1956; the same party applied for a new CP on channel 27 in 1968.
 WUHF was an experimental FCC station operated by the City of New York, duplicating programming from NYC VHF stations during test hours, with municipal/educational programming the rest of day; after the experiment, the FCC donated the antenna and RCA sold the transmitter at a discount to the city, and it was relicensed as *WNYC-TV. §
 Returned in 1961 on channel 12.
 Returned in 1966 as a satellite of KICU-TV Visalia CA, then sold to Metromedia, who operated it as KNEW-TV 1968-1971; Metromedia then donated the station to KQED, which put it back on the air in 1972 using the CP for *KQEC. Channel 60 was then made a commercial allocation, until KDTV and KCSM-TV traded channels six years later .
 WKST-TV then changed calls and city of license to WYTV Youngstown OH. §
 Returned 1972 as KBFI-TV; back again 1973 as KXTX, then purchased KDTV on channel 39 in 1974 and moved there. §
 On the air in 1966 in Fort Pierce FL.
 Returned 1972-1973 as KMXN-TV.
 Merged with KWTX-TV on channel 10.
 Returned in 1979 as WOFL. §
 Moved to channel 12 in Wilmington DE, after petitioning for the allocation to be made non-commercial when WVUE went dark in 1958; the channel 35 facilities were then relicensed as WUHY-TV.
 Returned in 1962 on channel 5, Weston WV.
 Returned as WATL-TV 1969-1972 and again in 1976. §
 WTVI purchased the facilities for KSTM-TV and moved to channel 36 as KTVI St. Louis MO; it subsequently moved to channel 2 in 1957.
 Returned as WUTV 1960-1963, then again as WCCB-TV 1965-1967, then moved to channel 18. §
 WGOV-TV is the only station ever issued a CP for channel 37, which is now reserved for radio astronomy.
 Returned in 1974 as KVOF-TV. §
 Returned in 1968 as KCST. §
 Returned as KYAY-TV 1970-1971, then back in 1974 as KLAA on channel 14. §
 WSHA has the distinction of being the first television CP ever revoked for cause by the FCC, in September 1955.
 Returned in 1967 as KHTV. §
 Returned 1959-1961 as KVUE.
 WCDA-TV was granted a STA for continued dual operation on channel 41 until November 15, 1961. It changed calls to WTEN shortly after moving to channel 10.
 Merged with WFRV-TV Oshkosh WI on channel 5.
 WKST-TV returned 1957-1959, then moved to channel 33, which allowed WXTV to begin operations on channel 45 instead of channel 73.
 Returned in 1984 as KIHS-TV Ontario CA. §
 WETV is a textbook case of an early UHF's problems, and is probably the best documented. It received its CP February 12, 1953 and went on the air August 21; a change in the ownership percentages of the partnership on February 10, 1954 led to the calls changing to WNEX-TV (to match the co-owned AM of the new majority partner) March 22. Control was transferred to a new owner for assumption of liabilities April 19, 1955, who changed the calls to WOKA on May 23; the station went dark eight days later, on May 31. From CP to air to new owners to dark, with three sets of call letters, all in the space of just over two years.
 Returned in 1981. §
 Returned in 1972 as WKID. §
 Returned 1969-1972 as WPGH-TV, then again in 1974. §
 Returned in 1966 as WXHR-TV, then again 1968 as WKBG-TV. §
 WARD-TV's CP for channel 19 was originally authorized in 1957, 14 years before they moved there.
 WELI-TV New Haven CT was assigned its construction permit for channel 59 on June 24, 1953. It was one of the unbuilt CPs that the FCC went after in 1960 and again in 1965, but they survived both times, keeping their CP. After numerous ownership changes and extensions, channel 59 finally got on the air as WTVU on October 13, 1995 -- having held those call letters on the CP since September 13, 1965 -- and was still on the air (as WCTX) as of 2011. While technically not an "unbuilt CP" we feel it deserves inclusion as the longest outstanding unbuilt construction permit (a little more than 42 years!) in the history of television.
 WKAR-TV operated a time-share 1959-1972 with commercial WILX-TV on channel 10 as WMSB Onondonga MI, in which they owned the facilities and WILX-TV paid for their use; it then moved to channel 23, retaking the WKAR-TV calls. §
 On the air in 1965 as KHFI-TV, channel 42.
 WBGU-TV was the last full power station on a channel above 69. The first batch of UHF CPs on channels 70 and higher were issued between 1952 and 1954, but by 1956 there were no stations operating there, so those channels were then reserved for "low power community stations" (there is no information available as to why an exception was made for WBGU-TV, although the same exception was apparently made to issue the CP for *WNJE-TV on channel 77). Channels 70 through 83 were then used primarily for translators until those were moved to lower channels, beginning in 1975, to clear the spectrum for land mobile service; the last known translator in the upper-UHF channels was K70DR Blue Earth MN, which was still rebroadcasting *KTTC-TV after the digital TV transition in February 2009.
 WIMA-TV purchased WLOK-TV (for the grand sum of $750), relinquished their own CP for channel 35 and moved WLOK-TV there under the WIMA-TV calls. §
 WFMJ-TV purchased the CP for WUTV and used it to begin operations on channel 21.
 WNOP-TV was moved to channel 19 when its CP changed hands in 1966, since channels 70 through 83 had been redesignated for translator use by that time.
Go to Appendix 13: WDTV's Log Books